Display of 16th, 17th, 18th, 19th and 20th century maps of the Weald of Kent, Surrey and Sussex. The High Weald is a medieval rural landscape at the heart of South East England, celebrated for its East Sussex, TN22 3HY Click here to view the map. Buy OS Explorer Map High Weald from Ordnance Survey. Trail, Medway Valley Walk, Sussex Border Path, Tunbridge Wells Circular walk and Wealdway.
The Wealdway connects the Thames Estuary with the English Channel This trail maps the Sussex part of the long distance path from the border with Kent near. Winter Highlights. Loading markers Close. Find an address. Find a place on the map by using one of the 2 search options. Enter postcode; Enter town/village. The Weald /ˈwiːld/ is an area of South East England between the parallel chalk escarpments of the North and the South Downs. It crosses the counties of Hampshire, Surrey, Sussex and Kent. . The geological map shows the High Weald in lime green (9a). The Low Weald, the periphery of the Weald, is shown as darker.
The Wealdway connects the Thames Estuary with the English Channel This trail maps the Sussex part of the long distance path from the border with Kent near. The map to the right indicates the area covered by the High Weald Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty designation. A more detailed, zoomable map is provided. The High Weald is a medieval rural landscape at the heart of South East England, celebrated for its East Sussex, TN22 3HY Click here to view the map.
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High Weald. Sussex Delivery Delivered for free to most UK addresses. Map area overview See the map covered by this map and those nearby. Proceed to checkout or continue shopping. Reviews for High Weald Add a review.
See the area covered by this map and those nearby. Zoom in to see details or click to select another map. Change map type with the selector in the top left. All paper maps and books come with free UK delivery Royal Mail, working days , or the option of courier delivery 2 working days from date of dispatch.
Other GPS devices, clothing, other tech and outdoor gear all have courier delivery up to 5 working days for security. Some large items, such as framed maps days , may be more.
Total delivery cost will be calculated in the checkout before you pay. All products can be returned within 14 days for a full refund, except for items made to order such as personalised Custom Made maps. Click here for more information on delivery options and a full overview of our returns process. Skip primary navigation. This comes from a Germanic root of the same meaning, and ultimately from Indo-European.
Weald is specifically a West Saxon form; wold is the Anglian form of the word. In the Anglo-Saxon period, the area had the name Andredes weald , meaning "the forest of Andred", the latter derived from Anderida , the Roman name of present-day Pevensey. The area is also referred to in Anglo-Saxon texts as Andredesleage , where the second element, leage, is another Old English word for "woodland", represented by the modern leigh.
The Weald is the eroded remains of a geological structure, an anticline , a dome of layered Lower Cretaceous rocks cut through by weathering to expose the layers as sandstone ridges and clay valleys.
The oldest rocks exposed at the centre of the anticline are correlated with the Purbeck Beds of the Upper Jurassic. The rocks of the central part of the anticline include hard sandstones, and these form hills now called the High Weald. The peripheral areas are mostly of softer sandstones and clays and form a gentler rolling landscape, the Low Weald. Many important fossils have been found in the sandstones and clays of the Weald, including, for example, Baryonyx.
The famous scientific hoax of Piltdown Man was claimed to have come from a gravel pit at Piltdown near Uckfield. The first Iguanodon was identified after Mary Mantell unearthed some fossilised teeth by a road in Sussex in Her husband, the geologist Gideon Mantell , noticed they were similar to modern iguana teeth but many times larger; this important find led to the discovery of dinosaurs. The area contains significant reserves of shale oil, totalling 4. Fracking in the area is required to achieve these objectives, which has been opposed by environmental groups.
Prehistoric evidence suggests that, following the Mesolithic hunter-gatherers, the Neolithic inhabitants had turned to farming, with the resultant clearance of the forest. With the Iron Age came the first use of the Weald as an industrial area.
Wealden sandstones contain ironstone , and with the additional presence of large amounts of timber for making charcoal for fuel, the area was the centre of the Wealden iron industry from then, through the Roman times , until the last forge was closed in The entire Weald was originally heavily forested.
While most of the Weald was used for transhumance by communities at the edge of the Weald, several parts of the forest on the higher ridges in the interior seem to have been used for hunting by the kings of Sussex. The pattern of droveways which occurs across the rest of the Weald is absent from these areas. The forests of the Weald were often used as a place of refuge and sanctuary. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle relates events during the Anglo-Saxon conquest of Sussex when the native Britons whom the Anglo-Saxons called Welsh were driven from the coastal towns into the recesses of the forest for sanctuary,:.
There they slew many of the Welsh; and some in flight they drove into the wood that is called Andred'sley. Until the Late Middle Ages the forest was a notorious hiding place for bandits , highwaymen and outlaws. Settlements on the Weald are widely scattered.
Villages evolved from small settlements in the woods, typically four to five miles six to eight kilometres apart; close enough to be an easy walk but not so close as to encourage unnecessary intrusion.
Few of the settlements are mentioned in the Domesday Book ; however Goudhurst's church dates from the early 12th century or before and Wadhurst was big enough by the midth century to be granted a royal charter permitting a market to be held. Before then, the Weald was used as summer grazing land, particularly for pannage by inhabitants of the surrounding areas. Many places within the Weald have retained names from this time, linking them to the original communities by the addition of the suffix " -den ": for example, Tenterden was the area used by the people of Thanet.
Permanent settlements in much of the Weald developed much later than in other parts of lowland Britain, although there were as many as one hundred furnaces and forges operating by the later 16th century, employing large numbers of people. In during the First Barons' War , a guerilla force of archers from the Weald, led by William of Cassingham nicknamed Willikin of the Weald , ambushed the French occupying army led by Prince Louis near Lewes and drove them to the coast at Winchelsea.
The timely arrival of a French Fleet allowed the French forces to narrowly escape starvation. William was later granted a pension from the crown and made warden of the Weald in reward for his services.
In the first edition of On The Origin of Species , Charles Darwin used an estimate for the erosion of the chalk, sandstone and clay strata of the Weald in his theory of natural selection. Charles Darwin was a follower of Lyell's theory of uniformitarianism and decided to expand upon Lyell's theory with a quantitative estimate to determine if there was enough time in the history of the Earth to uphold his principles of evolution.
He assumed the rate of erosion was around one inch per century and calculated the age of the Weald at around million years. Were that true, he reasoned, the Earth itself must be much older. In , William Thomson later Lord Kelvin published a paper "On the age of the sun's heat", in which — unaware of the process of solar fusion — he calculated the Sun had been burning for less than a million years, and put the outside limit of the age of the Earth at million years.
Based on these estimates he denounced Darwin's geological estimates as imprecise. Darwin saw Lord Kelvin's calculation as one of the most serious criticisms to his theory and removed his calculations on the Weald from the third edition of On the Origin of Species.
Modern chronostratigraphy shows that the Weald Clays were laid down around million years ago in the Early Cretaceous. The Weald begins north-east of Petersfield in Hampshire and extends across Surrey and Kent in the north, and Sussex in the south.
The eastern end of the High Weald, the English Channel coast, is marked in the centre by the high sandstone cliffs from Hastings to Pett Level ; and by former sea cliffs now fronted by the Pevensey and Romney Marshes on either side. Its landscape is described as one of. Ashdown Forest , an extensive area of heathland and woodland occupying the highest sandy ridge-top at the centre of the High Weald, is a former royal deer-hunting forest created by the Normans and said to be the largest remaining part of Andredesweald.
The Low Weald ,  the periphery of the Weald, is shown as darker green on the map 9 ,  and has an entirely different character. It is in effect the eroded outer edges of the High Weald, revealing a mixture of sandstone outcrops within the underlying clay.
There is a great deal of surface water: ponds and many meandering streams. Some areas, such as the flat plain around Crawley , have been utilised for urban use: here are Gatwick Airport and its related developments and the Horley -Crawley commuter settlements.
Otherwise the Low Weald retains its historic settlement pattern, where the villages and small towns occupy harder outcrops of rocks. There are no large towns on the Low Weald, although Ashford , Sevenoaks and Reigate lie immediately on the northern edge. Settlements tend to be small and linear, because of its original wooded nature and heavy clay soils. The Weald is drained by the many streams radiating from it, the majority being tributaries of the surrounding major rivers: particularly the Mole , Medway , Stour , Rother , Cuckmere , Ouse , Adur and Arun.
Many of these streams provided the power for the watermills , blast furnaces and hammers of the iron industry and the cloth mills. The M25 , M26 and M20 motorways all use the Vale of Holmesdale to the north, and therefore run along or near the northern edge of the Weald. Other roads take similar routes, although they often have long hills and many bends: the more sedate, but busy A21 trunk road to Hastings is still beset with traffic delays, despite having had some new sections.